Mauritania

Estatus EITI Progreso significativo
Joined EITI in 2007
Datos más recientes desde 2016
Latest Validation 2019
Sitio web EITI Mauritania
Last updated 15 October 2020

Overview

Mauritania is a leading producer of iron ore, copper, gold, silver, oil and gas. Recent discoveries of offshore gas reserves by Kosmos have increased production forecasts.  Mauritania and Senegal, with BP and Kosmos Energy, announced in December 2018 that they reached a final investment decision for the Grand Tortue project. 

Social conflicts have centred on mining workers’ rights, community relations and environmental impacts. In addition to a national EITI, focal points were designated in each municipal council in 2015 to support greater outreach, dissemination as well as collection of information.

Beneficial ownership disclosure

Mauritania has published a scoping study on beneficial ownership information and through EITI, has started publishing some information on legal and beneficial owners.

Against all odds, Mauritania has managed to cut its way to sustained and progressive transparency in order to achieve the overall objective of making mining a driver of social cohesion and sustainable development.
M. Djibi M. Sow, Advsior to the Prime Minister, President of the EITI Mauritania National Committee.

Production

Mauritania is a leading producer of mineral commodities such as iron ore (the world’s seventh largest exporter), copper, gold, silver and crude oil. Mineral exploration is ongoing in the North and North-West of the country, while oil and gas exploration is particularly active offshore.

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Natural resources

Mauritania has rich deposits of iron ore, gold, copper as well as phosphates, zinc, gypsum, uranium and rare earths. Iron ore and gold are predominantly centred in Fderik, in the Sahara, while copper is found primarily at Akjoujt. Phosphates and petroleum are located along the country’s coast and the country’s east has potential for iron ore and petroleum. West Africa’s largest natural gas discovery to date is located in waters straddling Mauritania and Senegal in 2016 (Grand Tortue Ahmeyim) with estimated reserves of 450 bcf of gas. An Agreement for Intergovernmental Co-operation was signed between the governments of Senegal and Mauritania for joint production of natural gas, with Kosmos and BP as operators.

CommodityReservesUnitSignificance
Oil120million barrels
Gas1.2trillion st cu ft
Gold25million ounces
Copper28million metric tonsLarge copper deposits are located in the centre of the country.
Iron1.5billion metric tons
Quartz12million metric tons
Gypsum9billion metric tonsMauritania has the largest gypsum deposit in the world, located around Sebkha N’Drhamcha, on the coast north of Nouakchott.
Phosphates29million metric tonsThese deposits are located around Loubboira.

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Reconciled revenues by top 5 companies

Revenue allocation

Almost all extractive industry revenues flow to the Treasury. Municipalities perceive only communal taxes such as estate tax, the ‘patente’ fee and synthetic tax, which account for only a small share of revenues.

Innovations

​The EITI encourages multi-stakeholder groups to explore innovative approaches to make the EITI more relevant and useful.

  • EITI implementation paved the way for the first audit of the sovereign petroleum fund (FNRH) and the publication of the two extractives state-owned enterprises’ (SNIM and SMHPM) audited financial statements. 

  • EITI subnational focal points were established by all municipal councils in 2015 to improve outreach and dissemination.

  • Reports include information disaggregated by company for exports, employment, legal ownership as well as details of the direction of Mauritania’s exports.

  • EITI-Mauritania launched an app providing easy access to key and simplified data on Mauritania’s mining and petroleum sectors drawing from EITI reports since 2012.

  • EITI-Mauritania has engaged a feasibility study on making EITI disclosures more regular and systematic, and mainstreaming EITI in government and company systems.

  • Mauritania is participating in the targeted effort on commodity trading transparency and the  2015 EITI report included oil sales and description of the selection process of the trader in charge of commercialising Mauritania’s oil production

  • Mauritania launched an EITI mainstreaming feasibility project in April 2018, with support from the German government. It has since developed a roadmap for mainstreamed disclosures.

Implementation

On 15 October 2020, Mauritania was found to have achieved meaningful progress in implementing the EITI Standard. View more information under the Validation section of this page or go to the Board's decision in full. Previously, the country was compliant under the 2011 Rules.

Governance

The Mauritanian Government announced its intention to sign up to the EITI on 25 September 2005. The Prime Minister issued a decree on 7 September 2006 establishing the framework for EITI implementation. Ministerial decree n°2009-231 of 2009 regulates the organisation and functionning of the National Committee (Comité National), which ensures EITI implementation and follow up in Mauritania. The Committee consists of 30 members, 8 representatives each from government and industry and 14 from civil society. The Hydrocarbons Code of 2011 requires companies to disclose payments made to government.

 

Timeline

 

Validation

Mauritania's third Validation to the Standard commenced in February 2020.  In October 2022, Mauritania was found to have achieved meaningful progress in implementing the EITI 2016 Standard, with considerable improvements across several individual requirements. The country previously was compliant under the 2011 Rules

Mautitania's fourth Validation will commence in April 2022. Maurtiania may request an early Validation.

Mauritania's progress by requirement

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